Degradable Plastic FAQs

Why use degradable plastics ?

Able degradable plastics safely degrade within 12 to 18 months which means that if they are in landfill, they reduce landfill volume and in doing so, help to maximize landfill utilization.  If for some reason,  degradable products end up in the environment,  they will return to CO2, water and biomass hundreds or even thousands of times faster than conventional plastics.

What are degradable and biodegradable plastics ?

Biodegradable and degradable plastics are defined by Standard ASTM D883-99 as follows;

Degradable plastic: A plastic designed to undergo a significant change in chemical structure under specific environmental conditions resulting in a loss of some properties that may vary as measured by standard test methods appropriate to the plastic and the application in a period of time that determines its classification.

Biodegradable plastic: A degradable plastic in which the degradation results from the action of naturally occurring micro-organisms such as bacteria, fungi and algae.

What is oxo-degradation ?

Oxo- degradation is a two stage process in which a plastic is first converted by reaction with oxygen to molecular fragments that are water - wettable. Secondly, these smaller oxidised molecules are biodegraded and converted into carbon dioxide, water and biomass, by microorganisms. This process is dramatically accelerated by using TDPA technology which is active in Able degradable products. 

What is the shelf life of Able degradable products ?

Able degradable products should be used within 6 months of purchase.

Does the fact that the product is degradable affect its performance ?

Trials with products using TDPA ( the active ingredient in Able degradable products ) show that prior to the process of degradation, performance is almost identical to the products in which TDPA has not been added.

What will trigger the breakdown of Able degradable products ?

The breakdown of Able degradable products is triggered by heat, UV light and / or mechanical stress.

What are the end products of degradation ?

The end products of degradation are carbon dioxide, water and biomass. Extensive studies and tests have been conducted by Internationally recognised labs and Institutions to confirm that they do not leave harmful or toxic residues in the environment.

Are Able degradable products suitable for food contact ?

Yes, Able degradable products are suitable for food contact and comply with international regulations including those prescribed by the FDA, EFSA and CFIA.











 

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